Nenets people belong to the Samoyedic language group and inhabit the vast area that stretches along the coast of the Arctic Ocean from the Kola Peninsula in the west to the Taymyr Peninsula in the east. Their traditional occupation is nomadic herding and river fishing. It is crucial to provide the native population of the Far North with venison and local fish in order to maintain their health. The study of diets of the Indigenous population (Nenets) (n=401, aged 42.2±13.3 years) was carried out during expeditions to villages which are located in the north of Western Siberia (Yamal). All the patients were examined by a physician, cardiologist and pulmonologist. The actual diet during the previous month was studied by means of frequency method, developed in the Research Institute of Nutrition of Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. Mann-Whitney’s U-test was used to assess the reliability of differences between two unrelated samples. The study revealed that daily consumption of venison and whitefish in 2014 decreased respectively by 48.0 % and 37.0 % when compared with the consumption of these products in 2012. The differences are statistically significant (Uvenison-1380.0; p<0.001) and (Uwhitefish-2019.0; p<0.001). In addition, it was stated that daily consumption of whitefish in 2015 significantly decreased by 70.6 % when compared with whitefish consumption in 2012 (Uwhitefish-528.0; p<0.001).